Blog

Category Archives: Bank of Canada

Frank Mueller

Weekly Update – January 12, 2018

“Success is not final; failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts.” – Winston S. Churchill

TSX Winning Streak Snapped

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index rose on Friday but still posted a weekly loss. Friday saw a 21.24-point rise, good for a 0.13 per cent gain. However, the TSX was down 41.26 points on the week, closing at 16,308.18 (down 0.25 per cent week-over-week). This was the first weekly decline in a month, after three consecutive weekly gains.

Cannabis producers were down sharply, but their losses were offset by resource, gold and lumber gains.

U.S. Crude Oil rose by $2.99 USD per barrel or 4.87 per cent this week, closing at $64.43 per barrel.

Gold rose to $1,339 USD per ounce this week, as the US Dollar depreciated.

The December jobs report once again showed strong growth in Canada, with 23,700 full-time jobs and 78,600 total jobs added. Canada’s unemployment rate fell to its lowest mark in 41 years, from 5.9 per cent in November down to 5.7 per cent for December.

However, David Rosenberg, Chief Economist and Strategist at Gluskin Sheff + Associates opined “at face value the (unemployment) number looks great, but… there are question marks beneath the surface that has me thinking it is overstating the strength in the economy”.

Undaunted, the Loonie took the jobs numbers and moved upward to settle at 80.24 cents to the Greenback. Should the Bank of Canada raise their key rate next week (more on that below) we can expect the Loonie to jump again.

U.S. Markets Continue to Rise

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) continued to skyrocket this week. Last week, the DJIA rose above 25,000 for the first time; this week, after a rise of 228.46 points (0.89 per cent) on Friday, the major index rose to 25,803.19, good for a weekly gain of 507 points, an even two per cent gain.

The S&P 500 rose 18.68 points (0.67 per cent) on Friday to close out the week at 2,786, good for a weekly gain of 1.57 per cent.

NASDAQ gained 49.29 points (0.68 per cent) on Friday to close at 7,261, a weekly gain of 124 points (1.74 per cent).

Bank of Canada Expected to Raise Rates Next Week

This coming Monday, January 15th is the dreaded “Blue Monday 2018”, where the perfect storm of poor weather, short days and long nights, the realization of how much was *actually* spent over the holidays, the fact the holidays are now firmly in the rear-view mirror, low motivation levels, and finally, the realization that most or all of our New Year’s Resolutions have failed to take hold all combine to create the saddest day on the calendar year.

For those who haven’t managed to keep spending in check over the holidays (or otherwise), this Wednesday may add to the misery. The Bank of Canada is overwhelmingly expected by analysts to raise its benchmark rate to 1.25%, up from 1.00%, this coming week. Many big banks such as RBC, TD and CIBC have already raised their mortgage rates in anticipation.

As rates climb, you can expect credit balances with variable rates, such as variable rate mortgages, home equity lines of credit (HELOCs), and secured & unsecured credit lines to increase their rates accordingly. As a result, borrowers will now pay more interest each month on these balances. Credit card rates (which are generally sky-high at 19.99 – 28.99 per cent) won’t be affected, but the rates are so high that you shouldn’t carry balances anyway.

Bottom line: pay down those credit lines where possible to avoid paying more interest each month.

WEEKLY MARKET WRAP-UP

North America
The TSX closed at 16308, down -41 points or -0.25% over the past week. YTD the TSX is up 0.61%.
The DOW closed at 25803, up 507 points or 2.00% over the past week. YTD the DOW is up 4.39%.
The S&P closed at 2786, up 43 points or 1.57% over the past week. YTD the S&P is up 4.19%.
The Nasdaq closed at 7261, up 124 points or 1.74% over the past week. YTD the Nasdaq is up 5.19%.
Gold closed at 1339, up 14.00 points or 1.13% over the past week. YTD gold is up 2.21%.
Oil closed at 64.43, up 2.99 points or 4.87% over the past week. YTD oil is up 6.64%.
The USD/CAD closed at 0.80239, down -0.0044 points or -0.55% over the past week. YTD the USD/CAD is up 0.89%.

Europe/Asia
The MSCI closed at 2172, up 15 points or 0.70% over the past week. YTD the MSCI is up 3.28%.
The Euro Stoxx 50 closed at 3613, up 5 points or 0.14% over the past week. YTD the Euro Stoxx 50 is up 3.11%.
The FTSE closed at 7779, up 55 points or 0.71% over the past week. YTD the FTSE is up 1.18%.
The CAC closed at 5517, up 46 points or 0.84% over the past week. YTD the CAC is up 3.84%.
DAX closed at 13245, down -75.00 points or -0.56% over the past week. YTD DAX is up 2.53%.
Nikkei closed at 23654, down -61.00 points or -0.26% over the past week. YTD Nikkei is up 3.91%.
The Shanghai closed at 3429, up 37.0000 points or 1.09% over the past week. YTD the Shanghai is up 3.69%.

Fixed Income
The 10-Yr Bond closed at 2.55, up 0.0700 points or 2.82% over the past week. YTD the 10-Yr Bond is up 6.25%.

Sources: Globe Advisor, BNN.ca, Yahoo! Finance

Frank Mueller

Weekly Update – January 5, 2018

“Every accomplishment starts with a decision to try” – Anonymous

New Year, Same Rally

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index dropped 63.50 points (0.39 per cent) on Friday to finish at 16,349.44. Resources weighed on the TSX on Friday, with oil, gold, copper and other metals pulling back on the day.

However, the TSX enjoyed a gain of 0.9 per cent on the week as the extended market rally continued into 2018.

Statistics Canada announced the December jobs numbers, with 79,000 new jobs being added. One caveat, however, is that most of them were seasonal, part-time positions. However, Canada’s unemployment rate of 5.9% in November was a full percentage point lower than in November 2016.

Retail sales data, housing starts, and consumer confidence levels were all higher year-over-year as well.

U.S. Crude Oil dropped by 42 cents USD per barrel to finish the week at $61.59 USD.

Gold dropped by $1.30 USD per ounce on Friday, and finished at $1,320.30 per ounce.

The Loonie rose by 56 basis points on Friday to finish at 80.61 cents to the Greenback, a rise of 0.6989 per cent.

U.S. Markets Hit More Record Highs

The S&P 500 rose 19.08 points (0.70 per cent) on Friday to close out the week at 2,743.07.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) rose above 25,000 for the first time ever on Thursday, and jumped by 220.74 points (0.88 per cent) on Friday to finish at 25,295.87.

NASDAQ also had a good day on Friday, with a gain of 58.64 points (0.83 per cent).

Some encouraging global economic data helped to propel markets upward. US unemployment figures for November – like Canadian unemployment – were lower than a year prior.

2017 Market Recap

It was, in some ways, a strange year for the Canadian investor. Early in the year, Canadian markets were relatively flat, while south of the border, U.S. markets were (and still are) very hot. Overseas markets advanced. However, as the Canadian dollar appreciated relative to the Greenback, U.S. and many overseas gains were mitigated.

As the year progressed, the Bank of Canada raised rates twice, and the Fed also raised rates. The BoC raising rates led to a dampening of fixed income returns. Luckily, the TSX rebounded late and was able to post a decent, if unremarkable, 6% increase on the year.

Most major international indexes posted double-digit returns; in fact, even factoring the appreciating Loonie, global markets outpaced Canadian markets.

So, what is the lesson here? In our opinion, this information reinforces the benefit of sound diversification, not only between equities and fixed income, but also regional diversification. Canadian investors have the reputation of being the most biased toward domestic markets, and, at least in 2017, the Canadian investor who invested heavily in Canada at the expense of other regions certainly missed out on some significant gains.

If you have questions about your asset allocation or would like to come in for a review of your portfolio, please let us know!

2017 Market Recap: By The Numbers

North America
The TSX finished at 16,209, up 6.0% for 2017
The DOW finished at 24,719, up 25.1% for 2017, or 17.0% in $CDN
The S&P 500 finished at 2,674, up 19.4% for 2017, or 11.7% in $CDN

The NASDAQ finished at 6,903, up 28.2% for 2017, or 19.9% in $CDN
Gold finished at $1,303 USD per ounce, up 13.1% for 2017
Oil finished at $60.42 USD per barrel, up 12.5% for 2017
The USD/CDN finished at 0.7955, up 6.9% for 2017
The CDN/EUR finished at 1.5089, up 6.8% for 2017

Europe/Asia
The MSCI World finished at 2,103, up 20.1% for 2017, or 12.3% in $CDN
The MSCI EAFE finished at 2,051, up 21.8% for 2017, or 13.9% in $CDN
The MSCI EM finished at 1,158, up 34.3% for 2017, or 25.7% in $CDN
The FTSE 100 finished at 7,688, up 7.6% for 2017, or 10.3% in $CDN
The DAX finished at 12,918, up 12.8% for 2017, or 20.4% in $CDN
The Nikkei finished at 22,765, up 18.9% for 2017, or 15.3% in $CDN

Sources: Globe Advisor, TD, Yahoo! Finance

Frank Mueller

Weekly Update – December 1, 2017

“If inflation continues to soar, you’re going to have to work like a dog just to live like one” – George Gobel

TSX Down Slightly for the Week

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index dropped 28.51 points on Friday, a 0.18 per cent drop, to close at 16,038.97. On the week, the TSX was down 69.12 points (0.43 per cent). Gold miners and materials led the drop, while the financials and energy sectors gained on the day.

Gold dropped this week to finish at $1,279.70 USD per ounce, although it was only $7.60 USD off last Friday’s $1,287.30 per ounce finish (0.59 per cent). However, the precious metal did mitigate the weekly loss on Friday with a gain of $6.50 (0.51 per cent).

U.S. light crude oil finished at $58.29 USD per barrel, down for the week versus last $58.95 USD per barrel close.

The Canadian dollar gained over a penny Friday versus the Greenback (1.36 cents USD, 1.7575 per cent) to finish at 78.89 cents USD.

U.S. Markets Unfazed by Continuing White House Turmoil, Michael Flynn News

The saga in and around the White House and beleaguered President Trump kept going full steam ahead this week. On Friday, former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn testified on his involvement in the 2016 Russia Election Scandal. While the details of his testimony haven’t been made public, Mr. Flynn did plead guilty to lying previously to the FBI on the subject. As part of his guilty plea, Flynn is apparently cooperating with Special Investigator Robert Mueller.

The Russian investigation could derail the Republicans’ planned tax legislation; failure to enact yet another core election promise could spell the end of the GOP majorities in the House of Representatives and/or the Senate. Further, such a failure could hurt markets and therefore investment portfolios, as the anticipated tax cuts would improve companies’ bottom lines, and thus their earnings.

If the tax cuts fall through, a market pullback is certainly possible, leading to reduced returns on portfolios’ US equities.

As far as this week was concerned, however, markets were unfazed. The Greenback and US Treasury yields dropped on the Flynn bombshell, but major US indexes S&P 500, the NASDAQ and the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) rebounded from sharp losses early to finish Friday with only minor setbacks.

The S&P 500 dropped 28.51 points (0.18 per cent) after being down as much as 1.26 per cent midday. The DJIA fell by 41.65 points, or 0.17 per cent, and finally the NASDAQ Composite dropped 26.39 points (0.38 per cent).

Canadian Inflation for October Eases Versus September Inflation

October inflation figures in Canada came in at 1.4 per cent in October, down from 1.6 per cent in October. Statistics Canada cited smaller-then-expected gasoline price increases. September saw a year-to-year gas price increase of 14.1 per cent, mainly on the heels of Hurricane Harvey. October came, supply rebounded, and the October year-to-year increase dropped to 6.5 per cent.

The tightrope that Central Banks like the Bank of Canada have is to keep inflation low, to ensure its currency retains value, while also allowing for some inflation to help the economy keep growing. The Bank of Canada’s stated aim is to keep inflation at the two per cent midpoint of the control range of one-to-three per cent.

How does inflation affect your investment portfolio? It is quite simple, really.

Inflation, in its basest form, is simply the depreciation of the purchasing power of currency. Stated another way, inflation is the increase in the cost of goods. However, inflation is also necessary in an economy to help it grow and expand, which helps increase job numbers and consumer spending (good for the companies and therefore, good for portfolio values). So, inflation numbers that are within the one-to-three per cent target range allows markets returns to grow, while helping your money retain its value.

Weekly Market Wrap-Up

North America
The TSX closed at 16039, down -69 points or -0.43% over the past week. YTD the TSX is up 4.99%.
The DOW closed at 24232, up 674 points or 2.86% over the past week. YTD the DOW is up 22.61%.
The S&P closed at 2642, up 40 points or 1.54% over the past week. YTD the S&P is up 18.00%.
The Nasdaq closed at 6848, down -41 points or -0.60% over the past week. YTD the Nasdaq is up 27.22%.
Gold closed at 1283, down -3.00 points or -0.62% over the past week. YTD gold is up 12.74%.
Oil closed at 58.34, down -0.61 points or -1.03% over the past week. YTD oil is up 11.72%.
The USD/CAD closed at 0.7879, up 0.0009 points or 0.11% over the past week. YTD the USD/CAD is up 6.20%.

Europe/Asia
The MSCI closed at 2077, up 17 points or 0.83% over the past week. YTD the MSCI is up 18.48%.
The Euro Stoxx 50 closed at 3528, down -53 points or -1.48% over the past week. YTD the Euro Stoxx 50 is up 7.20%.
The FTSE closed at 7301, down -109 points or -1.47% over the past week. YTD the FTSE is up 2.21%.
The CAC closed at 5317, down -74 points or -1.37% over the past week. YTD the CAC is up 9.36%.
DAX closed at 12862, down -198.00 points or -1.52% over the past week. YTD DAX is up 12.03%.
Nikkei closed at 22819, up 268.00 points or 1.19% over the past week. YTD Nikkei is up 19.38%.
The Shanghai closed at 3318, down -36.0000 points or -1.07% over the past week. YTD the Shanghai is up 6.89%.

Fixed Income
The 10-Yr Bond closed at 2.36, up 0.0200 points or 0.85% over the past week. YTD the 10-Yr Bond is down -3.67%.

Sources: Globe Advisor, Yahoo! Finance, cbc.ca, Bank of Canada, Dynamic

Frank Mueller

Weekly Update – October 20, 2017

“I am proud to be paying taxes in the United States. The only thing is I could be just as proud for half of the money” – Arthur Godfrey

TSX Rises for 6th Straight Week

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index rose by 39.22 points (0.25%) on the day to close at 15,857.22. This represents a gain of 50.05 points (0.50%) over last week’s 15,728.32 finish.

Gains came from across the board, as 9 of the 10 major Index Sectors posted gains.

Brent crude jumped nearly a dollar per barrel to settle at $57.17 (USD) per barrel, as post-hurricane inflation continued to rise.

The Loonie was roughly even for the week, until the U.S. Senate passed their budget resolution on Thursday. On Friday, the CAD dropped by 82 basis points (1.09%) to finish at 79.22 cents USD as the Greenback surged in reaction to the budget resolution.

U.S. Markets Rise on Tax Cut Optimism, Encouraging Q3 Earnings Reports

On Thursday the U.S. Senate passed a budget resolution that raised optimism President Trump will be able to get his tax-cut blueprint put into effect. On Friday, the major U.S. Indices were up on this optimism.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) spiked 165.32 points (0.71%) to finish at 23,328.36. For the week, the DJIA was up a full 2%. Like the TSX, the DJIA advanced for the 6th straight week.

The S&P 500 was up 13.07 points (0.51%) to close 2,575.17. For the week, the S&P 500 was up 0.86%.

The NASDAQ jumped 23.99 points (0.36%) on Friday to end the week up 0.35% at 6,629.05. The NASDAQ has now posted gains 4 weeks running.

Consumer confidence, as well as strong Q3 earnings calls thus far – 70% of S&P 500 companies so far have posted Q3 earnings that beat street expectations – means continued positive movement is expected, say analysts.

Q3 earnings, overall investor optimism, and the budget resolution passing all worked to put downward pressure on Gold (a classic safe-haven asset). Gold dropped by $8.20 USD per ounce on Friday to finish at $1,281.80. This represents a loss of $24.30 (1.86%) USD per ounce compared to last Friday’s finish of $1,306.10 per ounce.

OSFI Makes Uninsured Mortgage Stress Test Official

As first mentioned on our Weekly Update for July 28, 2017, the OFSI made the Uninsured Mortgage Stress Test official this week. The changes take effect January 1, 2018 (looks like we nailed the date on this one!).

You can read our original post on the subject here.

The biggest change to the original proposals is the stress test rate to be applied. Originally, the stress test rate was proposed to be the mortgage rate the borrower had access to, plus 200 basis points (2%). So, a rate of 2.50% would result in a stress test qualifying rate at 4.50%.

However, the final stress test calculation is measured as the greater of the lender’s rate + 200 basis points OR the Bank of Canada’s Posted Five Year Fixed Rate, currently 4.89%.

So, the minimum stress test rate will therefore be 4.89% (if rates are unchanged from today until January 1, 2018), and will be higher if bank’s increase their lending rates.

WEEKLY MARKET WRAP-UP

North America
The TSX closed at 15,857, up 50 points or 0.32% over the past week. YTD the TSX is up 3.80%.
The DOW closed at 23,329, up 457 points or 2.00% over the past week. YTD the DOW is up 18.04%.
The S&P closed at 2,575, up 22 points or 0.86% over the past week. YTD the S&P is up 15.01%.
The Nasdaq closed at 6,629, up 23 points or 0.35% over the past week. YTD the Nasdaq is up 23.15%.
Gold closed at 1,282, down 29.00 points or 1.84% over the past week. YTD gold is up 12.65%.
Oil closed at 51.66, up 0.24 points or 0.47% over the past week. YTD oil is down 1.07%.
The USD/CAD closed at 0.79, down 0.0100 points or 1.25% over the past week. YTD the USD/CAD is up 6.48%.

Europe/Asia
The MSCI closed at 2,033, up 9 points or 0.44% over the past week. YTD the MSCI is up 15.97%.
The Euro Stoxx 50 closed at 3,605, changed 0 points or 0.00% over the past week. YTD the Euro Stoxx 50 is up 9.54%.
The FTSE closed at 7,523, down 12 points or 0.16% over the past week. YTD the FTSE is up 5.32%.
The CAC closed at 5,372, up 20 points or 0.37% over the past week. YTD the CAC is up 10.49%.
DAX closed at 12,991, down 1.00 points or 0.01% over the past week. YTD DAX is up 13.15%.
Nikkei closed at 21,458, up 303.00 points or 1.43% over the past week. YTD Nikkei is up 12.26%.
The Shanghai closed at 3,379, down 12.0000 points or 0.35% over the past week. YTD the Shanghai is up 8.86%.

Fixed Income
The 10-Yr Bond closed at 2.38, up 0.1000 points or 4.39% over the past week. YTD the 10-Yr Bond is down 2.86%.

Sources: Globe Advisor, Yahoo! Finance, Dynamic Funds

Frank Mueller

OSFI to Make Conventional Mortgage Approvals More Difficult

As we mentioned in our Weekly Update for July 28th 2017, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) released a set of proposals that would serve to tighten up the conventional mortgage market. The objective of these proposals is to protect would-be home buyers from over-extending themselves during our current low-rate environment against further rate increases; additionally, the measures look to protect banks from creditor default risk.

On a more basic level, the proposed measures have been put forth to protect the economy overall. Canadians owed an average of $1.67 per $1 of disposable income, according to a debt-to-income report released by Statistics Canada in December of 2016. The Bank of Canada, as well as many of the “Big 5” banks, has been vocal about household debt levels. The Bank of Canada has also raised concern over inflated house prices in major Canadian markets such as Toronto, Vancouver, and recently including Victoria and Hamilton. Rising rates and an uptick in unemployment could lead to increased mortgage defaults.

How Would It Work?

The counteractive proposal for uninsured, conventional mortgages would require potential buyers to qualify for their mortgage using a new stress-test qualifying interest rate. Where the high-ratio stress-test rate is simply the Bank of Canada’s 5-year fixed rate (recently raised to 4.84%), the conventional stress-test rate would be the street rate offered by the lender plus 200 basis-points (2%).

So, let’s say you have a mortgage rate offered by your bank or credit union for 2.85%. When qualifying, your bank/credit union would use the stress-test rate of 2.85% + 2.00% = 4.85%. The logic is simple: if you can qualify – and afford – your payments at a rate of 4.85% in this case, then surely, you’ll be able to absorb an interest rate hike of 25bps (as we’ve experienced twice now in the last 3 months).

Of course, it’s important to remember that the borrower would only be exposed to the increased rate when their current mortgage term expires.

What’s the Bottom Line?

Analysts believe that if enacted, prospective borrowers would lose about 20% of their purchasing power. For instance, if without the stress-test, a borrower could qualify for a $1 Million mortgage, when using the stress-test, the same borrower would only qualify for an $800K mortgage.

If enacted, this proposal would look to cool the overheated Canadian real estate markets with a more precise, surgical approach, rather than the more broad-based interest rate hikes (which affect the economy overall due to cost of borrowing, the effect on the Canadian dollar, etc).

Frank Mueller

Weekly Update – September 8, 2017

“Every day is a good day to be alive, whether the sun’s shining or not” – Marty Robbins

Bank of Canada Raises Overnight Rate to 1.00%, TSX Drops for Fifth Straight Day

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index continued its retreat on Friday. On the day, the TSX finished down 39.21 points (0.26%), dipping below 15,000 in the process to settle at 14,985.32. 6 of the 10 main index sectors dropped for the day.

For the week, the TSX was down 207 points, or 1.36%, from last week’s finish of 15,191.60.

The week’s big news came on the Bank of Canada announcement to raise the overnight rate by 25 basis points to 1.00%. You can read a bit more about the announcement here.

The announcement – as expected – pushed the Loonie higher against the Greenback, finishing the week at an even 82 cents, up 1.32 cents (1.63%) for the week. The Loonie is now at its highest mark against the US Dollar since May 2015.

Gold finished higher this week, as investors move to safe haven assets, rising to $1,351 (USD) per ounce.

Hurricane Irma Threatens Southern States, Geopolitical Concerns Add to Worries

On the heels of Tropical Storm Harvey comes Hurricane Irma, expected to hit Florida on Sunday. Irma is one of the most powerful Atlantic storms (if not THE most powerful) in over a century. Investors are taking caution, as Irma’s damage and destruction could be catastrophic.

The S&P 500 ended lower on Friday; however, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) managed to finish in positive territory, with a modest 13.01 point (0.06%) gain. The NASDAQ was down 37.68 points, or 0.59%.

North Korea tested another nuclear missile this week, their 6th such test. South Korea is bracing for another possible missile test on Saturday. This situation, coupled with the repeated storms hitting the U.S., to say nothing of the intense flooding and storms in Southeastern Asia, has pushed concerns onto the trading floor. Many major markets across the world finished down for the week.

Major Markets Year-To-Date (YTD)

North America
The TSX closed at 14985, down -207 points or -1.36% over the past week. YTD the TSX is down -1.91%.
The DOW closed at 21798, down -190 points or -0.86% over the past week. YTD the DOW is up 10.30%.
The S&P closed at 2461, down -16 points or -0.65% over the past week. YTD the S&P is up 9.92%.
The Nasdaq closed at 6360, down -75 points or -1.17% over the past week. YTD the Nasdaq is up 18.15%.
Gold closed at 1351, up 23.00 points or 2.35% over the past week. YTD gold is up 18.72%.
Oil closed at 47.58, up 0.29 points or 0.61% over the past week. YTD oil is down -8.89%.
The USD/CAD closed at 0.8229, up 0.0147 points or 1.82% over the past week. YTD the USD/CAD is up 10.92%.

Europe/Asia
The MSCI closed at 1965, down -1 points or -0.05% over the past week. YTD the MSCI is up 12.09%.
The Euro Stoxx 50 closed at 3448, up 4 points or 0.12% over the past week. YTD the Euro Stoxx 50 is up 4.77%.
The FTSE closed at 7378, down -61 points or -0.82% over the past week. YTD the FTSE is up 3.29%.
The CAC closed at 5114, down -9 points or -0.18% over the past week. YTD the CAC is up 5.18%.
DAX closed at 12304, up 161.00 points or 1.33% over the past week. YTD DAX is up 7.17%.
Nikkei closed at 19275, down -417.00 points or -2.12% over the past week. YTD Nikkei is up 0.84%.
The Shanghai closed at 3365, down -2.0000 points or -0.06% over the past week. YTD the Shanghai is up 8.41%.

Fixed Income
The 10-Yr Bond closed at 2.06, down -0.1000 points or -4.63% over the past week. YTD the 10-Yr Bond is down -15.92%.

Sources: Dynamic Funds, Thomson Reuters DataStream, Globe Advisor, BNN, Advisor.ca